Military strategy during wartime always involves an element of risk. One great risk was the committing of Australian troops to Greece in 1941. In hindsight was this the right decision ? The allied leaders of the day had no such doubts for they saw the need to strategically support Greece, “ the cradle of civilisation”, against overwhelming odds. British, New Zealand and Australian troops joined the Greek armed forces and people in the desperate fighting and withdrawal from mainland Greece and the battles on the “ island of the doomed “ , Crete. The human costs to the Allies were terrible. Australia alone lost 594 men and more than 5000 taken prisoner of war during the Battles of Greece and Crete in April – May 1941. However, against this backdrop the endurance and the bravery of Australian soldiers and nurses, and the sailors who risked their lives to evacuate them, together with the handful of pilots who flew with the RAF over Greece, remained evident as they fought on behalf of “ a good cause “. This book brings new light to events that took place 60 years ago but are not dimmed for the people in whose country the battles were fought. The Greek and Cretan people remember with fondness those Australians who came to their aid in 1941. While the narrative and the images of the book set out the historical context, it is the anecdotes and excerpts from diaries and letters that add a personal dimension and provide important insights.